You are likely here because you need a headline checker to make sure your title and headlines are properly written. That's exactly what Headline Capitalization does. It's a free tool to make sure what you capitalize online for publications like blogs and news articles, or for academic papers, is correct. This headline checker should help you to correctly format all your titles in the future. It's important to accurately capitalize titles and headlines for articles and papers. Headline Capitalization is a free headline checker that correctly capitalizes titles for all your writing.
Article Title and Headline Capitalization Rules
When it comes to creating headlines and titles for articles, it can get confusing what words to capitalize and what words should remain lower case. There are several styles of title and headline capitalization which different publications may use. For the most part, there are general rules that all publications follow with a few minor deviations between them. For those who write, it's important to understand these rules about which words to capitalize when creating headlines and titles.
Major Headline Capitalization Styles
There are four major title capitalization styles. These are:
- AP Style
- APA Style
- Chicago Style
- MLA Style
There is no single authoritative style guide when it comes to capitalizing headlines and titles, although some are used for certain types of writing. For example, the Associated Press Stylebook
(AP Style) is often used by news organizations, the Chicago Manual of Style
(Chicago Style) is more comprehensive for in-depth writing, and the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers
(MLA style) is used for academic papers. While this is where the different styles are usually used, it's not mandatory to use a particular style for a particular type of writing.
If you are unsure of which style to use, the best method is to seek out which style the course, editor, or teacher prefers so that you know, and then use that specific style. If you're in a certain field, you should learn the style that's most prominent in your field. For example, the AP Style for those in journalism, and the MLA style if you're in academics. In all cases, it's best to ask for each project to make sure since each style has its own rules.
General Headline Style Rule: Title Case
How to write headlines and titles is usually referred to as "headline style" or "title case." As mentioned, all styles are not the same, but there are a few general rules they all follow. These are:
- Capitalize the first word in the title
- Capitalize the last word in the title
- Capitalize the important words in the title
The first two points are clear cut and easy to follow. The next question is, what are considered "important" words in a headline? In most cases, they include the following words:
- Adjectives (beautiful, large, hopeful)
- Adverbs (forcefully, silently, hurriedly)
- Nouns (computer, table, manuscript)
- Pronouns (they, she, he)
- Subordinating conjunctions (as, so, that)
- Verbs (write, type, create)
Words in Headlines That Aren't Capitalized
The above words are the ones generally capitalized, so what words are usually written in lowercase when creating headlines and titles? These tend to be shorter words (under five letters long). The following types of words are generally not capitalized:
- Articles (a, an, the)
- Coordinating Conjunctions (and, but, for)
- Short (less than 5 letters) Prepositions (at, by, from)
Alternative Headline Capitalization: Sentence Case
One style of headline and title capitalization which doesn't follow the rules is Sentence Case style. This is where editors decide to write titles as if they were a typical sentence. In this case, the first word of the headline would be capitalized while the rest of the title would be in lower case, except for proper nouns. Below are a few examples of Sentence Case style headlines:
- How to properly write article titles
- A review of a hike at Grand Canyon national park
- The best value meal when eating at Chipotle
Referencing Titles of Publications
No matter what style of headline capitalization you decide to use in your writing, if you ever reference the title of a book, article, or journal, you should write the title of it as it has been written, even if it happens to be a different style than you're using for your writing. You should not change them to fit your style, and they should always be written as they appear in the publication.